Learn how easy it is to mix a full range of tonal values, pure hues, and color shading using just 8 paint colors – red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, white, and black. Project includes a free Lora S. Irish pattern. Please SHARE with your family, friends, and fellow crafters !!!!
TWO NEW BOOKS!
Yes, I’m shouting … and jumping up and down with joy!
I would never have imagined back in 1995 when I sent my first manuscript, Classic Carving Patterns, to Taunton Press that today I would be holding the 27th and 28th carving-pyrography-pattern books in my hands.
My sincerest thanks to each and every Lora S. Irish reader and fan for allowing me to enjoy such a wonderful career as an author and crafts woman.
Wood carving is coming back into style, and making kitchen utensils is among the easiest ways to learn the craft. This beautifully illustrated guide by master woodcrafter Lora S. Irish teaches the basics of wooden spoon carving. Perfect for beginners, the book presents 12 step-by-step projects that illustrate a variety of historic carving styles.
A selection of mix-and-match patterns offer suggestions for creating dozens of unique designs for spoons and other implements — forks, ladles, dippers, spatulas, knives, pie servers, and scoops. In addition to clear, detailed directions accompanied by helpful drawings, inspiring photographs illustrate decorative ideas for using the carved spoons in kitchen wreaths, centerpieces, and other ornaments. A great gift for crafters seeking a new hobby, this book is loaded with stylish designs for handmade treasures.
Legendary wood and leather crafter Lora Susan Irish focuses solely on leather pyrography techniques and projects for the first time in this book. She presents instructions for a dozen easy-to-make projects, including jewelry, wallets, journals, and belts, in a spectacular array of patterns ranging from American West and Celtic motifs to wildlife and tattoo-inspired imagery. The completed projects are perfect for gift-giving or personal use.
Moving from tools and supplies to pyrography and leather crafting basics; pattern techniques; leather selection; and the projects themselves, the book includes detailed, step-by-step directions with full-color photographs. Sidebars and tips offer helpful hints. This invaluable guide is ideal for experienced crafters as well as those who wish to acquire leather-crafting and leather-burning skills.
The classic wooden spoon may be the easier beginner’s wood carving project there is. During this session of our free, summer cross-crafting seminar we will work through the wood carving steps to shape the handle and bowl of a wooden fork.
1 – scroll saw cut wooden spoon, slotted spoon, or fork blank wide sweep round gouge narrow, half-circle, bent round gouge bench knife or chip carving knife carving gloves, thumb guard, or heavy terry cloth towel 150-, 220-grit sandpaper 6″ or large square of brown paper bag
Note: Working with the wood grain
As you work through the carving steps for this wooden fork you will need to pay close attention to the wood grain direction in each area of your work. Both the handle and bowl of your wooden spoon are curve-shaped. This means that at the widest point in the curve the direction of your cutting strokes must be reversed to work the knife or gouge blade with the grain. The grain direction of your wooden spoon blank determines the directions of your bench knife and gouge strokes. You want to move the knife so that it runs with the open fiber ends of the wood grain, not into those open fibers.
Step 1: Rough-cut the edges of the handle along the back of the spoon.
Begin with your bench knife and using a paring stroke, pulling the knife blade towards you, round over the back edge of the lower section of the spoon bowl. I am using carving gloves in these photos. Gloves are cut resistant not cut proof! So, please, watch carefully how you are holding your knife and where the knife blade will go if the knife slips out of the cut. Often, I carve using thumb guards instead of gloves as they give me more movement in my hands. If you have neither, use a thick terry-cloth towel in your holding hand as protection.
Step 2: Rolling small cut strokes along the edge of the handle.
The sides are round by making many, small paring strokes, worked from the inside area of the handle, moving each new cut slowly towards the edge of the handle. This first series of rounding paring cuts is worked from the center point of the handle towards the top edge of the handle.
You can see the progression of small cuts in this photo. Using a series of small cuts, worked from the center back towards the spoon’s edge creates a true curved edge instead of a lightly rounded sharp corner.
Step 3: Round over the second lower edge of the back of the handle.
Continue working the lower edge of the back of the handle by moving your cutting strokes to the second side of the spoon. The smaller your cutting strokes the smoother the finished edge will be.
Step 4: Work the back handle edge towards the fork’s bowl area with your bench knife.
This rounding process is moved to the front portion of the back of the handle. To work with the grain line of the wood, these cuts are made using a push stroke – pushing the knife blade away from you.
Step 5: Change the direction of your bench knife cuts to match the change in grain direction at the narrow joint between the handle and bowl.
Use a series of short, small bench knife cuts, worked from the center area of the handle towards its outer edge to round over the handle. Stop your cuts where the handle narrows into the fork’s bowl area, as your wood grain direction will change at this point in the blank.
Step 6: Free the cutting strokes at the narrow joint.
Flip your spoon blank in your hand so that you are working the knife from the fork’s bowl area into the narrow joint with the handle. This will bring the cuts from step 6 to meet the cuts you are making now, and free those cuts from the narrow area.
Step 7: Finish rounding over the edge of the back by working the fork’s bowl area.
Continue rounding over the back edge of the fork by working the bowl area with your bench knife.
For this section of our summer, free, online cross-crafting seminar we will be cutting out a wooden spoon blank on the scroll saw. Please refer to Cross-Crafting Seminar Free Patterns for a copy of the spoon patterns that we will be using.
Scroll Saw with a 15 tooth, regular cutting blade 1 – 3″ x 12″ x 3/8″ piece of basswood for each spoon 220-grit sandpaper, tack cloth graphite tracing paper safety glasses
Step 1: Choosing how to rough-cut your spoon blank
There are many ways to remove the waste wood from any wood carving blank. For our seminar I am using my Ryobi Scroll Saw and a 15 tooth per inch, regular cutting blade.
The most simple option is to use your bench knife in either a push or paring stroke to slowly cut away long slivers of wood from the blank. A coping saw or hand-held, u-shaped framed saw and a vise or clamps can also be used. If you plan to make a series of wooden spoons you might want to purchase a small 5″ curved-blade draw knife or 3″ straight-blade draw knife will make the rough-put work quick and easy, especially on thicker blanks.
Step 2: Preparations
Lightly sand your basswood board, both front and back side, using 220-grit sandpaper, remove any sanding dust with a dry, clean cloth. A smooth surface on the wood allows your blank to move easily through the scroll saw cuts. Trace your pattern to the basswood using graphite paper.
Note: If you will be making more than one spoon, trace the pattern to the inside surface of an empty cereal box. Cut the spoon pattern out with scissor and use the cardboard cut-out as a template, tracing along the edges of the cardboard. Save the cardboard template, it can be used over and over again.
Release the Drop Foot and slide your basswood blank under the foot. Reset the Drop Foot knob.
Step 3: Cutting the basic outline
Begin by cutting along the basic outline of your spoon pattern.
Work one side of the spoon at a time, fully releasing and freeing that side of waste wood.
Step 4: Cut the second side of your spoon
Continue your scroll saw cutting to completely remove the waste wood on the second side of your spoon blank.
Step 5: Cutting the fork tines
The fork tines are cut in two strokes, each worked from the end of the fork into the opening between the tines. Stop the first cut when you reach the center point of the opening.
Back the saw blade out of the wood and cut the second side of the opening. This two-cut step will free the waste wood between the tines.
Step 6: The completed scroll saw cut spoon blank
This wooden fork blank took about 15 minutes to cut out on the scroll saw – quick, easy, and super fast!
Step 7: Drilling the holes for a slotted spoon
Using a 1/4″ or 3/8″ drill bit drill the holes into your slotted spoon before you do the scroll saw steps. I prefer to drill from the back of the spoon towards the spoon’s front face. Because I will be carving the front face of the spoon into a bowl shape, if I chip-out any of the holes during the drilling process, those chip-outs will be carved away later in the work.
Basswood chips easily because it is a soft wood. To avoid excessive chip-outs use a new, sharp drill bit and an even medium speed with your drill. Clamp your spoon blank to a piece of scrap wood. This clamps and secures the back grain fibers and reduces chipping. You can also use masking tape on the bottom of your spoon to help hold the grain fibers in place.
Step 8: Sand the drilled holes before you do the scroll saw cutting
Remove any loose or chipped-out wood from your drilled holes, on both sides of the wood blank, before you move onto the scroll saw with sand paper. Those chip-outs can cause your blank to drag, or hang-up on the scroll saw cutting table.
Step 9: Cutting a slotted spoon blank
The slotted spoon is now ready for scroll sawing.
Step 10: Finished wooden spoon blanks
Now that the three wooden spoon blanks have cut out we are ready to move into the wood carving steps of our project. See ya’ there!
Welsh Love Spoons have long been a favorite carving theme for wood carvers. Tradition says that this original art style for wood carving came from the seamen of the British Isles that brought small pieces of wood and a carving knife with them on their ocean voyages to fill the long hours. Many of the designs and patterns were symbolic of the sailor’s love of home and family, but they also used some of our favorite whittling trick carvings as the ball and chain or ball in the cage. Today any relief carving pattern can become the design for the handle of your Welsh Love Spoon. For my sample I chose a simple grape design with a double stem that wraps around the spoon handle. With another upcoming stormy weekend it seems like a perfect time to share my carving and pattern for you to enjoy.
For your Free Welsh Love Spoon Pattern Pack by Lora Irish, please visit our wood carving, & pyrography patterns website, Art Designs Studio.
To learn more about Welsh Love Spoon carving, please visit Lora S. Irish’s free online tutorials.
Welsh Love Spoons are a wonderful style of wood carving that began in the mid 1600’s as a courtship gift. Created by the young man as a present for his intended bride, the intricacies and themes carved on the spoon’s handle had symbolic meanings.
Today the giving of Welsh Love Spoons have been expanded to include wedding presents, anniversary presents, house warming gifts and even baby shower gifts. For those wood carvers that sell their finished work Love Spoons make a extremely eye catching item at craft fairs and art shows. They have become a very collectable hand crafted artform.
The intricacies of the handle designs offers an opportunity for the carver to explore a wide range of pattern work, from tight Celtic knots, floral crests, and of course the open linked chain.
Love spoons are traditionally carved from one piece of wood and you will note a sailing theme that runs throughout many of the carved symbols. Welsh sailors, spending many long and lonely hours at sea, used the time to carve spoons for the girl that they had left at home. As artists their work reflected their daily experiences.
Celtic knots worked from the rigging ropes came to mean “everlasting love” while the anchor design was used to show that the sailors heart was “home to stay or anchored at home with her”. The ship’s wheel showed his intentions to “work hard for her and the family she would give him.”
Agricultural designs also are prominent in the Welsh Love Spoon. The ship’s wheel is also show as a wagon wheel, again showing the man’s intentions of becoming a good provider for the family. Twisted vines and leaves showed a “love that would continue to grow throughout the years”. The horse shoe, just as it still does today, meant “good luck and good fortunes ahead”.
Another symbol that was common is the heart which showed “his love for her”, the double heart meaning a “shared or returned love”, and the heart shaped spoon bowl suggesting a “life full of love”.
Both the bell and cross were “will you marry me” symbols and the cross also implied “faith”. Flowers within the carving ask if he “may court her” and showed his growing affection for her.
How intricate and complicated the carving of the spoon was came to show how intense his love for her was. From this came double spoons showing that “they would be together forever” and even triple spoons for “their growing family”.
The open link chain and ball in cage carving are often found in Welsh Love Spoons. Worked from one piece of wood the open link chain is used to connect the different design pieces. The number of links in the chain came to mean the “number” of the symbols used … the number of children he was hoping she would give him … the number of years they would be together. The ball and cage showed that “he would protect her love”. Using the symbols of the Welsh Love Spoons, the sample spoon shown at the top of this page includes a Celtic Knot that has the shape of two hearts, a vine twist below the second heart, and a horse shoe shape just above the bowl created by the ends of the knot strings..
Double Heart: They love each other, a shared love Celtic Knot: Everlasting love Vine Twist: Our love will grow Horse Shoe: Good luck and good fortune
The second sample of the Welsh Love Spoon above could be read as the following:
Single Heart: May I court court you? Vine Twist: Our love will grow Three Link Chain: Married within three years Ball in Cage: Your love is safe with me Heart Shaped Spoon: We will have a life full of love